Friday, April 28, 2017

Research Post 10: Bibliography and Abstract


This essay will delve into the topic of Greek life and take an in depth analytical view as to how greek life can benefit students both during and after college. In addition to this, this paper will examine Pierre Bourdieu’s, “The forms of Capital”, and explain how Greek life fosters the accumulation of various forms of Capital over time. Continuing forward, the body of the paper will examine undergraduate life and the differences between students who may be predisposed to greek life, compared to those who may not, and how various factors will influence students participation in Greek life. Next, the paper will address a comprehensive statistical analysis of both small and large data sets, analyzing a case study as to the ways of which Greek life is beneficial. After understanding everything up to this point, the paper will delve into a counter-argument which functions to explain the negative aspects of Greek life, as well as costs to the individual. The essay ends with a summation of the main argument and implications of what will happen in the future.


Armstrong, Elizabeth A., and Laura T. Hamilton. Paying for the Party: How College Maintains
Inequality. Cambridge, MA: Harvard UP, 2015. Print.

Bourdieu, Pierre. "The Forms of Capital." Readings in Economic Sociology (n.d.): 280-91.

Fraternity and sorority. (2014). Encyclopædia Britannica Rugeley: Focus Multimedia.

McClain, Mary-Catherine, James P. Sampson, Janet G. Lenz, and Robert C. Reardon.                "Fraternity and Sorority Membership and College Student Career Development."                                                     College Student Affairs Journal. Southern Association for College Student Affairs, 24 Nov. 2015. Web. 18 Apr. 2017.
McMurtrie, Beth. "Do Fraternities Have a Place on the Modern Campus?" The Chronicle of
Higher Education. N.p., 03 Aug. 2015. Web. 16 Apr. 2017.

McMurtrie, Beth. "The Fraternity Problem." Chronicle of Higher Education, vol. 61, no. 42, 07
Aug. 2015, pp. A16-A21. EBSCOhost

Nathan, Rebekah. My Freshman Year: What a Professor Learned by Becoming a Student. New
York, NY: Penguin, 2006. Print.

North-American, Interfraternity, and Conference. FRATERNITIES AND SORORITIES: (n.d.): n.
pag. Gallup Polling. Web.

Routon, Wesley and Jay Walker. "Going Greek: Academics, Personal Change, and Life After
College." Change: The Magazine of Higher Learning, vol. 48, no. 1, 01 Jan. 2016, pp.
60-66. EBSCOhost

Routon, P. Wesley, and Jay K. Walker. "The Impact of Greek Organization Membership on
Collegiate Outcomes: Evidence from a National Survey." Journal of Behavioral and
Experimental Economics 49 (2014): 63-70. Web

Friday, April 21, 2017

Literature Review 5

This Literature Review will look at The Gallup-Purdue Index of 2014.

1) A Visual

2) A Citation

North-American, Interfraternity, and Conference. FRATERNITIES AND SORORITIES: (n.d.): n. pag. 
         Gallup Polling. Web.

3) A Summary

This source provides a comprehensive study of over 30,000 U.S. Graduates to understand the outcomes of students who were in greek life compared to those who were not. In this, it provides a range of topics which were explored in the study, and how in each of the studied topics, Greeks were more well off than non Greeks.

4) Information about the Author

"Gallup delivers forward-thinking research, analytics, and advice to help leaders solve their most pressing problems. Combining more than 75 years of experience with its global reach, Gallup knows more about the attitudes and behaviors of the world’s constituents, employees, and customers than any other organization. Gallup consultants help private and public sector organizations boost organic growth through measurement tools, strategic advice, and education. Gallup’s 2,000 professionals deliver services at client organizations, through the Web, and in nearly 40 offices around the world."

Blurb about Gallup taken from the source which this literature review is based on. Gallup polling is the nation's best survey research company and has been conducting well organized, national surveys for decades. 

5) Key Terms

Fraternity and Sorority Membership: Unit of analysis for case study. Looks at membership in the organization and compares that to people who are not affiliated with Greek life, to determine the effects of various aspects of life post college. 

The Gallup-Purdue Index: This is the formal title of the study. It is the reference point for which all statistical data is housed. It takes into account information provided by the people interviewed, as well as information provided by the National Panhellenic Council and the National Inter fraternity Council. 

6) Quotes: 

"Sixteen percent of all college graduates were members of a fraternity or sorority while attending their alma mater, providing researchers an opportunity to evaluate how sorority and fraternity members differ from all other college graduates on these metrics" (Gallup, 7). 

"Fraternity and sorority members are also more likely to be thriving in community well-being than all other college graduates (52% vs. 46%)" (Gallup, 8) . 

"Differences in well-being between fraternity and sorority members and all other college graduates are statistically significant when controlling for key demographic characteristics including gender, race/ethnicity, and socioeconomic status as measured by first generation education status" (Gallup, 8).
7) Value:

This source is the basis of my case study for my paper. It is the key point of analysis for how my argument is valid, and is a good point for setting up my counter argument as well. In addition to this, this source pairs with other academic sources to back my argument and further my paper.

Thursday, April 20, 2017

Research Post 9: Argument and Counter-Argument

So for this portion, my thesis statement for my argument is outlined in the idea that "Fraternities allow the individual to transcend the typical college experience–benefitting the student both during and after college–by allowing means to network, and advancing both social and cultural forms of capital". My research question is mostly derived in answering in what ways, how do these forms of capital benefit the individual after college. I intend on answering this argument using data and knowledge of the forms of capital, as well as who joins greek life and why to fuel answering my argument. 
Moving on to the next point, Beth McMurtrie provides a counterpoint to fraternity benefits emphasizing the negative aspects associated with this culture. My point of contention to this is derived out of the idea that greek life is evolving and has shifted away from the negative stigma associated with them. Moving forward, the debate that is spawned out of this is " Is greek life worth the benefits seen, only for the people who are in it, and does that outweigh the negative attributions associated with it". The frame of my paper allows me to delve into this debate and conclude whether or not greek life is a worthy use of time and energy, and if it defies stereotypes and yields benefits which are better than not joining greek life.

Research Blog 8: The Case

For the sake of this paper, I will be using a case referenced in Jay Walker and Wesley Routon's work Going Greek: Academics, Personal Change, and Life after College". In this work, they analyze a gallop poll which looked at a number of individuals post graduation and their involvement with greek life. This case looks at various factors of life and how greek life was an influence in that. Furthermore, the results provided in this case analysis can be extrapolated to draw onto my research question and give me something to analyze further.

This case essentially highlights main points which I have been discussing in my essay, and further goes on to add to my argument. I am not sure what other details I should provide, so i will provide the link to the resource which talks about the case.

Research Blog 7: The Frame

So the theoretical frame for my paper analyzes capital accumulation through membership in greek organizations. In addition to this, it looks at data supporting my point, as well as various examples from scholarly sources as to greek life benefits the individual during and after college.

Tracing to what theories, paradigms, and academic concepts help define my project, a big portion of that is dedicated to Pierre Bourdieu's forms of capital. Capital as a whole is a big concept which I am using to frame my paper. In addition to this, I am looking at Armstrong and Hamilton's idea of Socialites and Wannabes to elaborate the point of greek life and how that impacts different kinds of people.

The various academic terms listed throughout my blog reel are terms which I have used at some point to make sense of my paper. The frame is derived from understanding first what greek life entails, who can and would be inclined to join it, and what the benefits are/ what benefits are gained/ how said benefits are utilized. Bourdieu's Cultural Capital is a big idea of my work, alluding to how greek life is beneficial.

All in all, I think that about covers it for the frame of my paper. Besides these academic terms, my paper is framed using a case of how greek life is beneficial after college and counter-arguments to my main points.

Tuesday, April 11, 2017

Research Blog 6: The Visual

For this post, the visual that I am using is inspired by the presentation from Else DiGiacopo. In this, Else referenced the work of Pierre Bourdieu, and his analysis of the various forms of Capital. As she used it in a different way for her work, Bourdieu's research is also prevalent in my work. Because of this, I would like to give credit to Ms. DiGiacopo for shedding light on this source.

This image is a clear and concise breakdown of Bourdieu's Forms of Capital. In this, his concepts are easy to digest for the viewer. As my paper will function to explain this topic, this picture is a great source for me to use. I would like to thank Else for introducing me to this, as it is something which is efficient in listing a topic which I will use so heavily in my paper.

Literature Review 4

This literature review will examine Elizabeth Armstrong and Laura Hamilton's "Paying for the Party", Specifically chapter 5, "Socialites, Wannabes, and a Fit with the Party Pathway".

1) A Visual
2) A Citation

Armstrong, Elizabeth A., and Laura T. Hamilton. Paying for the Party: How College Maintains
Inequality. Cambridge, MA: Harvard UP, 2015. Print.

3) A Summary

This source will explore differences between Socialites (more affluent, people more inclined to party, implicitly succeeded more post college), and Wannabes (not as privileged, didn't have the same college experience as Socialites), and the effects partying has on the collegiate students. This last point is addressed in Armstrong and Hamilton's analysis of The Party Pathway.

4) Information about the Authors

Elizabeth Armstrong is a Sociologist and a Professor, who specializes in culture, gender, social movements, and higher education. She has taught both at the University of Indiana and the University of Michigan.

Laura Hamilton is an Associate Professor of Sociology at the University of California, Merced. She places focus on social movements, family, sexuality, education, and social class. She has also written other works and has a Ph.D in Sociology.

5) Key Terms

Socialite: These are the types of girls who are the typical sorority girl. They come from upper class-upper middle class, have money, can have intelligence, but live the life of luxury. These girls tend to sleep around and are promiscuous. In addition to this, they tend to fall subject to the party pathway, and over indulge in drinking.

Wannabee: These are girls who want to be like the Socialites. Coming from upper middle class to middle class, these girls are not as affluent and don't necessarily make the cut to join sororities. they are also not as social to begin with and their college experience is manifested in a completely different way because of it.

Party Pathway: This is an idea put forth with states that greek life is a conduit for partying and that people who join it are more inclined to party, rather than place emphasis on doing well academically. In addition to this, it also alludes to excessive drinking and hooking up/promiscuity.

6) Quotes:

"Social success was also about having fun, making memories, building friendships, and having a 'best time of your life' experience. For socialites, college was invariably this" (121-122).

"The differences between socialites and wannabes were starkest after college. Parental funds and ties gave socialites tickets to the big city, where jobs valuing charm, personality, and appearance waited. In contrast, [...] wannabes did not have the right currency to exchange for a secure life" (136).

"Major and GPA might not have mattered for socialites, but for wannabes they were everything.[...] employers often screened out applicants without at least a 3.0" (143).

7) The Value:

Armstrong and Hamilton provide insight as to the core of my argument to a degree, but also provide a counter argument which I can touch upon. In this, their analysis of the differences between socialites and wannabes can be used to understand the implications behind greek life and how it can be used post graduation.